What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes is a lifelong disease that keeps your body from using insulin the way it should.
People with type 2 diabetes are said to have insulin resistance.
When Does Type 2 Diabetes Develop?
People who are middle-aged or older are most likely to get this kind of diabetes, so it used to be called adult-onset diabetes.Type 2 Diabetes also affects kids and teens, mainly because of childhood obesity.
Is There A Cure?
Despite active research, Type 2 Diabetes has no cure.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?
Possible causes include:
- Extra Weight
- Metabolic Syndrome
- Too much glucose from the liver
Lifestyle Changes to Manage Type 2 Diabetes
- Weight loss: Dropping extra pounds can help. While losing 5% to 10% of your body weight is good, losing 7% and keeping it off seems to be ideal. That means someone who weighs 180 pounds can change their blood sugar levels by losing around 13 pounds. Weight loss can seem overwhelming, but portion control and eating healthy foods are a good place to start.
- Healthy eating: There’s no specific diet for type 2 diabetes. A registered dietitian can teach you about carbs and help you make a meal plan you can stick with. Focus on eating fewer calories and cutting back on refined carbs, especially sweets. Add veggies and fruits to your diet thereby getting more fibre.
- Exercise: Try to get 30 to 60 minutes of physical activity every day. You can walk, bike, swim, or do anything else that gets your heart rate up. Pair that with strength training, like yoga or weightlifting. If you take a medication that lowers your blood sugar, you might need a snack before a workout.
- Watch your blood sugar levels: Depending on your treatment, especially if you’re on insulin, your doctor will tell you if you need to test your blood sugar levels and how often to do it.